Home brewing is becoming equally popular again thanks to easier access to better tasting coffee beans.
It’s more cost effective (much more!) and much easier to do than lot of people imagine. It can be bit confusing to know which equipment to get when it’s your first time but don’t let it put you off because it really isn’t that difficult at all! Here’s an easy guide to get you familiar with some well used home brewing equipment…
Where/ when did manual brewing begin?
The earliest methods of manual brewing began in Turkey after 15th Century. They use to grind the roasted coffee in mortars and boiled them with water in a pot called Cezve. This method became popular first between the wealthy homes across the Ottoman Empire and then eventually spread across to the entire population becoming a popular drink. While the Ottoman Turks tried to secure the trade banning any exporting but this could not be maintained. Seeds were easily smuggled from one place to the next and eventually spread across Europe. By the end of 18th Century it was a popular drink throughout the world. Though it was among the wealthiest in the beginning, once more affordable equipment was easily available to everyone it became a popular drink among all. It was a time when the Industrial revolution was taking off so it helped those factory workers who mostly drank beer and wine as an alternative drink to water to get through the day with all the intoxication.
Introducing MOKA POT
Moka pot or stovetop coffee as some would know it by was designed by an italian man called Alfonso Bialetti ( sounds familiar ?) in 1933. It consists of three parts. The method is that the bottom chamber is filled with water, bring it to boil over a open flame from a stovetop and once the water was boiled it pressurised by steam through the funnel past the ground coffee and in the top chamber.
Despite more and more equipment is becoming available the company still exists producing these classic device, these days a induction stovetop versions are also available too to meet the demand.
Introducing FRENCH PRESS
There may be a little debate as to whom from where exactly was the inventor of this device we as kiwi’s know it more better as the Plunger. So here is a little history to explain.
In 1929 two Italians Attilio Calimani and Guilio Moneta patented a design which resembled the french press, this particular version had a seal around the plunging disk keeping them flushed with the receptacle making plunging more efficient.
Then in 1982 two Frenchmen names Mayer and Deforge patented a design similar to this design without the seal in the carafe. In 1958 a Swiss man called Faliero Bondanini patented a device which has become the most popular design and as what we know of plunger coffee as It is today. He got this manufactured in France where the popularity grew and here in France it was actually called the Chambord.
The Danish kitchenware company Bodum has been selling this design since 1974 no single company dominated this production.
Perhaps one of the most well known home brewing devices, most people will already be familiar with how its used but it’s a method which the coffee ground is emerged in the carafe with boiling water, left to extract for about 4 mins before plunging the filters down separating the sediments to the liquid.
This way of brewing gives you a full bodied taste and a handy device when brewing for small number of people. Due to the coffee grounds emerged in the hot water, it’s best to pour the coffee completely not leaving it sitting in the carafe as this will over extract the coffee leaving it bitter and unpleasant.